The disease is caused by improper shoes
The disease develops at the heel joint. It consists of metatarsal and calcaneus. To join metatarsal bones metacarpal bones. The movement of the foot is due to muscles ligaments connecting the bones. Between the metatarsal and the calcaneus is a special bag filled with secret. Bag necessary to prevent rubbing of the bones during movement. The fluid contains fatty acids and proteins. Its composition is constant.
Various pathological conditions a change in the form of the bag. Its walls are compressed together. Form changes its original appearance. On the compressed sections of the inflammation. The inflammatory process may be of bacterial nature. If pathology penetrates into the cavity of the bag, is the infection of the liquid. The secret of changing its properties. Patient affects the bursitis.
The name of the disease is acquired because of the bags. Doctors call data of the cavity of the Bursa. If the damage was in the area of the heel joint, the pathology is called bursitis podpaliny.
The reasons for the formation of the disease
Bursitis of the heel strikes the joint for various reasons. The main factors that cause the pathology of the heel, are such reasons as:
- Prolonged exposure to the legs;
- Infection bag disease-causing microorganisms;
- Surgical impact;
- Mismatched shoes;
- Arthritis or arthrosis of the heel;
- Injury of the joint.
Heel bursitis is often diagnosed in patients with an active lifestyle. Long stay on the feet changes the shape of the bag and further development of inflammation. This happens because of the inability of the Bursa to the opposite formation. This process takes place in chronic form and is detected at later stages.
Through a variety of sores or blisters in joint tissue can penetrate pathogenic microorganisms. The bacteria feed on the cells of the tissues of healthy organs. If the bacterium settles on the walls of the Bursa, there is significant cell death at the site. Dead cells accumulate and cause inflammation. The process affects the contents of the bag. For bacterial bursitis is characterized by the presence in the liquid of pus, blood cells and other inclusions.
A rare cause of education pathologies is surgical effect on tissues of the joint. When handling can cause the contamination of the joint by microbes. Also, the operation causes scarring of tissues. The scar consists of cells that are uncharacteristic for joint tissue. If the process is active, in the cavity of the Bursa may form adhesions that consists of protein. Treatment of this form of the disease is surgical.
Under the heel form of the disease affects people wearing the wrong shoes. If the Shoe has a close form and rubs when walking, has a high heel, the Bursa is changing its structure. Especially often it affects women.
Modern fashion dictates the rules under which the shoes should have a high stiletto heel and instep. To eliminate the disease is possible only in case of failure of the heels.
The disease affects heel joints because of arthritis or arthrosis. Both diseases are accompanied by inflammation of cartilage tissue. The process affects the neighboring organs and tissues. In this case, the pathology is a complication of osteoarthritis.
Podetazhnogo often the cause of bursitis is injury. Joint injury involves breaking or squeezing of the synovial pouch. There are pathological changes that affect the appearance of inflammation. To reveal possible during radiographic study.
Signs of disease
The disease has the features. Its symptoms include such manifestations as:
- Minor swelling of the heel;
- The appearance of pain when standing up on the foot;
- Difficulty wearing shoes.
When padpatcher bursitis in the affected area appears a slight swelling. To the touch she's hot, soft, has no clear boundaries. If the swelling increases, it is necessary to consult a specialist. Sometimes this is a sign of the development of complications.
During walking and prolonged standing the person begins to experience pain. This is due to the accumulation of fluid in the additional pathological inclusions. The problem is solved in an operational way.
The main symptom of bursitis is padpatcher difficulty wearing shoes. Many women say that the discomfort for dressing high-heeled shoes. Movement easier while wearing flat shoes with thick soles.
The diagnosis of the problem
For proper selection of treatment, the patient needs to undergo a medical diagnosis. Diagnosis is made through such studies as:
- Leukocyte analysis;
- Study of the puncture;
- X-ray examination.
Methods of treatment of pathology
There are several effective treatments for bursitis podetazhnogo. Doctors often use surgical way of eliminating disease. The operation is carried out under local anesthesia. Heel a shot of novocaine or lidocaine. After the beginning of action of the anesthetic on the affected area is a small incision. Through it appears on the surface of the synovial secret. If the process has damaged the wall of the bag, is the complete removal of the Bursa. The resulting wound is washed with antiseptic fluid and sutured. The patient can leave the operating room.
With milder forms of bursitis, you can use home methods. Many doctors recommend the use of baths with coniferous concentrate. It can be purchased at the pharmacy. Reducing inflammation occurs at the 3-5 session. The bath must be combined with drug therapy. In the early stages, you can use local anti-inflammatory creams and gels.
The disease has characteristic features. Before beginning treatment it is recommended to consult a doctor. Only a specialist can make the correct diagnosis and select appropriate treatment.